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The Etiquette for Salat al-Jumuah
Jamaal al-Din Zarabozo
Excerpted from Salat al-Jumuah from AlJumuah magazine (vol. 8, #4)
- Adapted from the Fiqh of the Friday Prayer [Published by IANA]
. "O believers, when the call is proclaimed for the prayer on Friday,
come to the remembrance of Allah and leave off business, that is
better for you if you but did know." [Al-Jumuah, 62:9]
Purifying and cleaning oneself
The person intending to perform Salat al-Jumuah is highly encouraged
to have ghusl (full bath or shower). The majority of the scholars are
of the opinion that the ghusl for Salat a-Jumuah is recommended
(sunnah) but not obligatory. The ghusl is performed starting from the
time of Fajr Prayer. Also, if a person performs ghusl and then later
invalidates his ablution, he need not repeat the ghusl. Making
ablution (wudhu) suffices. Furthermore, one ghusl may be used for
removing sexual defilement (janabah) and for Salat al-Jumuah.
Going early to the masjid
There is a great reward in going early to Salat al-Jumuah, beginning
after sunrise. By leaving for Salat al-Jumuah, one gets the reward of
waiting for the Prayer, making dhikr (remembering Allah) and
voluntary prayers during that time. Abu Umamah narrated that the
Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, "The angels
sit at the doors to the Masjids and with them are scrolls in which
they record the people [who come]. When the Imam appears, the scrolls
are rolled up." Abu Umamah was asked, "Does the one who comes after
the Imam still have a Friday Prayer?" he said, "Certainly, but he is
not one of those who is recorded [as coming early]." [Ahmad and al-
Dressing well for Salat al-Jumuah
This is a special time that requires Muslims to appear in the best
manner possible. One should therefore put on his best attire for
The Prophet (sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, "If one has the
means, he should buy two pieces of clothing, other than his work
clothes or [everyday clothing], to wear on Friday." [Abu Dawud]
Performing tahiyyat al-Masjid
If a person comes late to the Friday Prayer while the Imam is
delivering the khutbah, should he pray the two rak`ahs of tahiyyat al-
Masjid (prayer of greeting the mosque) and the sit or should he
simply skip them? The strongest opinion is to perform the tahiyyat al-
Masjid based on the Hadith of the Prophet (sallallahu `alaihi wa
sallam): "If one of you comes to the Masjid, he should pray two
rak`ahs before he sits" [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. However, tahiyyat al-
Masjid is not required of the person giving the khutbah. Also, this
requirement is limited only to prayers offered in a Masjid.
Other Etiquette of Salat al-Jumuah:
1. Walking to the Masjid whenever feasible as there is a reward for
every step taken to the Masjid.
2. Avoiding stepping over people to get to a particular spot in the
3. Avoiding dividing two people who are sitting together.
4. Not making someone stand and taking his place.
5. Not clasping one's hands and intertwining one's fingers while
waiting for the prayer.
6. Sitting in the front rows and close to the Imam whenever possible.
7. Remaining quiet while the Imam is delivering the khutbah. This
actually includes listening to the Imam and not playing with anything
while the Imam is speaking.
8. Going to the Masjid in a state of calmness and not being hurried.
9. Reciting surah al-Kahf (surah 18) as an authentic Hadith
states: "For whoever recites surah al-Kahf on Friday, it will be a
light for him from that Friday to the next." [Al-Bayahaqi and Al-
Hakim] The surah could be read any time of the day.
Indeed, Salat al-Jumuah is one of the most important acts of worship
in Islam. The Prophet (sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam) has described
the wonderful blessings and benefits that Allah has vouchsafed upon
Muslims through this magnificent act. Knowing how important this
prayer is in Allah's sight, Muslims must do their best to perform it
in the best way possible. They should strive and sacrifice for the
sake of this Prayer.
Signs of a Good End to One's Life
Shaykh `Alee Hasan `Alee `Abdul Hameed
based on al-Albaanee's book Based on "Ahkaam ul-Janaa'iz" of Sh. N.
It is established from the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam,
that he informed us of a number of clear signs that a person has
concluded his life upon good, and we ask Allaah, the One free of all
imperfections, that He grant us that. So any person who dies in one
of these ways then it is glad tidings for them, and how excellent
(1) Pronouncing the Shahaadah (i.e. La ilaaha illallaah) when dying.
(2) Dying with sweat upon the brow.
(3) Dying on the night preceding or the day of Friday.
(4) Martyrdom upon the battlefield. [This martyrdom, may Allaah grant
it to us, is to be hoped for by everyone who prays for it sincerely,
even if he is not able to die upon the battlefield, as occurs in the
(5) Death due to plague.
(6) Death due to stomach illness.
(7) Death by drowning.
(8) Death due to a building falling upon him.
(9) Death of a woman during pregnancy due to the child.
(10) Death through consumption/tuberculosis.
(11) Death whilst defending the Deen or one's person.
(12) Death whilst defending one's property from robbers.
(13) Death whilst defending the frontiers of Islaam.
(14) Death whilst doing a righteous action.
(15) Death in a fire.
People's Praise of the Deceased
(1) If a group of truthful Muslims speak in praise of the deceased,
their number being two or more of the people of piety and knowledge
who lived near to and knew the deceased, then Paradise is assured for
(2) If a person dies at the time of an eclipse of the sun or moon,
then that does not indicate anything. The belief that it shows the
importance of the deceased is a false superstition of the times of